Legacy of Trypillia
The Trypillian culture (also known as Cucuteni) existed during the Neolithic era, from the first half of the 5th through 3rd millennia, B.C. within the borders of present day Ukraine. It was an agricultural and pastoral civilization, with origins in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans. Over the course of a hundred years, archeologists have unearthed the remains of around 2,000 Trypillian settlements. The initial traces of this ancient culture were discovered in the village of Trypillia near Kyiv by Vikentii Khnvoika (1850-1914).
The Trypillian culture is especially known for its variety of pottery, with pear shaped amphora, conical bowls, double and triple pots and vessels on legs. The exterior was incised or painted. This ornamentation was of a very high level, utilizing spiral bands and other curvilinear motifs, in the distinctive colours of red, black and white. Animal shapes were often used in handles, as decoration and for the form of the pottery itself.
Clay human and animal figurines, and models of houses possibly used for religio-magic functions, were found at excavation sites.
The Museum Legacy of Trypillia exhibit featured artists who reconstructed the motifs, shapes and colours of the Trypillian era in their work. The embroideries, pottery, pysanky (Easter Eggs), and weavings, although based on ancient designs, the following rhythms and colours of red, black and white, have been adapted to modern forms and materials.